Interline CCD

CAM Sensor Format
0.3 - 12 Megapixel
CAM Pixel Size
3.1 - 9 µm
CAM QE Quantum Efficiency
> 50%
CAM Gain
1000 [1]
CAM Readout time
Up to 30 fps[5] Relatively slow [1]
CAM Readout Noise
Negligible [3]
CAM Spurious Noise / CIC
0 a.u. [1]
CAM Dark Noise
CAM EM Noise
CAM Binning /Sub-array
Available for most cameras to increase readout speed, enabling faster frame rates [8]
CAM Low Signal Behavior
High Sensitivity (S/N > 1) at typically 1-40 photons per px [1]

Can offer a quantifiable improvement over EMCCD or sCMOS at single-photon levels [7]
CAM Advantages
Single Photon Sensitive [4][1]

Nano/picosecond time-resolved gating possible [4]

Can outperform a EMCCD if the Image Intensifier Noise is lower than CIC noise of an un-optimized EMCCD [1]
CAM Disadvantages
Lower QE restricted by photocathode [4] Improvement of dynamic range requires operation at higher gains [4]

No CCD mode operation unlike EMCCD [4]

Aging effect due to the poisoning of the photocathode [1]

Typically lower resolution than CCD due to the Image Intensifier [19]
CAM Application
Well for low light levels [1]

Nanosecond or picosecond gating [9]

Single photon counting with cooled photocathodes [9]
CAM Price
More expensive compared to CCDs [4]
CAM References

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