CAM Sensor Format
1 - 5.5 Megapixel
CAM Pixel Size
6.5 - 11 µm
CAM QE Quantum Efficiency
< 72 %
CAM Gain
CAM Readout time
> 100 fps , > 1000 for high speed cams, Very fast
CAM Readout Noise
Low, but eventually relevant for single-photon application [2][3]
CAM Spurious Noise / CIC
Usually negligible due to CIC filters [1]
CAM Dark Noise
CAM EM Noise
CAM Binning /Sub-array
Binning unaffectes frame rate by sensor but results in higher frame rate transmission to PC [18]

Often available to increase SNR [8]
CAM Low Signal Behavior
Well suited for applications that can afford longer exposure times [6]

Starts to outperform EMCCD and ICCD when the SNR cross-over point is achieved. E.g. over 40 to100 photoelectrons.

Low electronic noise that's nearly one third of most high end interline CCD cameras with nearly 10x the frame rate potential [6]
CAM Advantages
Ideal for combination of high frame rates, sensitivity, dynamic range, and resolution [5][7][12]

Above the cross-over point more suitable than an EMCCD. [16]

Potentially better temporal resolution compared to EMCCD due to higher acquisition frame rates [11][16]

Larger fields of view compared to EMCCD due to larger chip sizes [5][11]
CAM Disadvantages
Still relatively new technology for advanced low-light scientific applications Slighly lower SNR performance compared to EMCCD at low light levels up to a 10-photon crossover [13]

Generally Lower detection limit than CCDs [17]

Light intensity captured per pixel is less for the s CMOS with smaller pixels compared with the EMCCD with larger pixels [13]
CAM Application
(Fluorescence) applications that can afford longer exposure times [6]

Lower noise combined with higher frame rates provide higher quality images with shorter exposure times [6]
CAM Price
CAM References

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