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Aiga Rasch's "Rubin" from one of the front covers of the mystery book series Die drei ??? (The Three investigators). With special thanks to KOSMOS Verlag for providing SDL with a copy of the original illustration (copyright by KOSMOS).

 

Happy Birthday Aiga Rasch! science.duel.life is celebrating Aiga Rasch's 74th Birthday anniversary by posting a beautiful duel - Science vs. Art - Differences & Similarities.

Aiga Rasch was a German illustrator, graphic designer and painter. Her best-known work covered the youth mystery book series Die drei ??? (The Three Investigators). Her illustrations are concise and powerful, and the colorful covers impeccably translate the stories within.

Aiga`s illustrations make our life more colorful, and science does it too. The physicist Brian Greene claimed "We must embark on a cultural shift that places science in its rightful place alongside music, art, and literature as an indispensable part of what makes life worth living." (15). We think he is totally right, so lets see what science and art have in common. Happy Birthday Aiga Rasch!

 

 
  Art Science

Field Examples

Illustrators, writers, musicians, actors, painters, +

Biologists, physicists, chemists, astrophysicists, geologists, pharmacists, physicians,  engineers, +

Beauty

Image above: Aiga Rasch`s colorful illustration as used for the front cover of The Three Investigators and the Mystery of the Fiery Eye, written by Robert Arthur. Image courtesy by Kosmos Verlag.

Image above: Colorful height image of indium tin oxide (ITO) on glass, imaged with a scientific instrument JPK NanoWizard Atomic Force Microscope, Image courtesy by JPK Instruments AG

Highest Award

Pulitzer, Oscar, Grammy, Nobel Prize (Literature), +

Nobel Prize, Ig Nobel Prize, Fields Medal, +

Perception of Results

Subjective

Objective

Knowledge Treatment

Expresses knowledge  (1)

Acquires knowledge (1)

Methodology

Relies on methods of study and creation based on observation and experimentation

Relies on methods of study and data accumulation based on observation and experimentation (1)

Money

Only few artists can make a living from it. Most can't and support themselves doing something else (6)

Most scientists can make a living from it 

Philosophy

Art is more focused on the perception of the world through the eyes of a particular individual (2)

Science, on the other hand, is very systematic and objective(2)

 

Is about individual perceptions, When we look at a painting we all see something different (2)

Is about common perceptions. When we look at a scientific paper, we all should see the same things (Ha-ha)

 

Images provoke emotions and art elicits more of an emotional response (3)

Science is more regimented with rules, procedures, and methodologies to follow (3)

 

Art manifest our desire, our attempt to share or influence others through experiences that are peculiar to us as individuals

Sciences are manifestations of our attempt to express or share our understanding, our experience, to influence the universe external to ourselves. It doesn't rely on us as individuals. It's the universe, as experienced by everyone (5)

 

In art, the emphasis is on the subject's awareness / past experiences / competence / sensibility (4)

In science, we expect that the information is discursive / objective (4)

  Art Science

Marketing

Artists "probably spend the majority of their days creating or promoting their work in whatever way they can. They may even occasionally think or talk about the fact that they wish there were more opportunities for them in their community" (9)

Working scientists probably spend the majority of their days creating or promoting their work in whatever way they can. They may even occasionally think or talk about the fact that they wish there were more opportunities for them in their community.

Personality

 

Scientists are neither exceptionally selfless, nor selfish. They are first and foremost self-orientated and they follow their own goals (10)

 

Strong emotional investment in intellectual activities and interests 

Strong emotional investment in intellectual activities and interests

 

Cognitive processes involves emotion just as much as ego

Cognitive processes involves ego just as much as logic and emotion (7)

   

Their work and cognitive processes involve complex creative and emotional aspects that make them better problem-solvers (8)

Emotions

Expressive

Narrow *

Working Style

 

Make “relatively constant adjustment efforts” on the evidence of  problems or conflicts (10)

Dependency

Mostly Independent 

From dependent (e.g. PhD student) to independent (Tenure Track Professorship)

Orientation

Orientated “towards the new, the different, the unhackneyed, to making new perceptions out of old hat, to new ways of seeing what they have to see, and new ways of describing their experiences.” (10*)

Orientated “towards the new, the different, the unhackneyed, to making new perceptions out of old hat, to new ways of seeing what they have to see, and new ways of describing their experiences.” (10)

Flexibility of Thinking

Supposed to be ...

Not particular flexible. “They prefer the [boundaries] and limitations that reality sets, they work more originally in structured than in unstructured situations”. However, despite of being “trained to the objective, rational, and logical, they show[] a high degree of respect for the irrational and the unconscious.” (10*)

Motivation

Creation, Production, Galleries, Impact, Career, Life Goals, Money, Recognition, Collaboration

Data, Publication, Journals, Impact Factor, Career, Life Goals, Money, Recognition, Collaboration

  Art Science

How they see themselves

... Have your own guess ...

Scientists see themselves as intellectual, and discoverers of a new world. They don’t see themselves motivated by “lower motives”, such as desire for recognition or exhibitionism. Happiness and fulfillment rests primarily in their satisfaction of work. (10)

Language

“Astronomers have discovered the first four exoplanets of 2012” (11) - (Abstract in a newspaper in 2012.

Compare on the right to see how the scientists in charge described the same thing with their own words) 

“We report the discovery of four transiting extra-solar planets (HAT-P-34b - HAT-P-37b) with masses ranging from 1.05 to 3.33 MJ and periods from 1.33 to 5.45 days. These planets orbit relatively bright F and G dwarf stars (from V = 10.16 to V = 13.2). Of particular interest is HAT-P-34b which is moderately massive (3.33 MJ), has a high eccentricity of e = 0.441 +/- 0.032 at P = 5.4526540+/-0.000016 d period, and shows hints of an outer component.” (12)

 

The language of artists does not only offer challenges to non-artists but there are also tremendous barriers between artistic disciplines

The language of scientists does not only offer challenges to the non-scientist but there are also tremendous barriers between scientific disciplines

How other people see them

Is it art or vandalism?

Non-scientist may treat science as a black box where “data goes in, conclusions come out, and magic happens in between” (14)

Creativity and Humor

Creativity and irony partially rest in their satisfaction of being artists. 

Creativity and irony partially rest in their satisfaction of being scientists. How else would one explain the number of humorous acronyms that exist for scientific facilities. For example, LUCIFER is the acronym for LBT Near Infrared Spectroscopic Utility with Camera and Integral Field Unit for Extragalactic Research, HERA stands for Hadron Electron Ring Accelerator, and ZEUS for Redshift (Z) and Early Universe Spectrometer. From MAGIC to MINIBALL, from PETRA to VICKSY, scientific creativity on word acrobatics seems to be unlimited. 

Misconduct

Art forgery is the creating and selling of works of art which are falsely credited to other, usually more famous, artists. Art forgery can be extremely lucrative (13)

In 2002, a famous Bell Labs physicist had been released from his position after Bell Labs' committee found that whole data sets had been faked in at least 17 of his publications. “In  its  mildest  form,  whole  data  sets  were  substituted”, the committee concluded.  “Virtually  all  primary  (raw) electronic  data  files  were  deleted. ...More  troublesome  are  the  substitutions  of  single  curves  or  even  parts  of  single curves,… and the use of  mathematical  functions  to  represent  real  data” (12)

Remember this ...

Artists share only a few common characteristics which rest in a high degree of heterogeneity exhibited by them. They are not merely egocentric and emotional beings, and their behavior involves a number of logical and rational factors – just as for non-artists

Scientists share only a few common characteristics which rest in a high degree of heterogeneity exhibited by scientists. They are not merely logical and rational beings, and their behavior involves a number of egocentric and emotional factors – just as for non-scientists

     

Would you like to comment on or include your own observations about the differences of Art and Science? Send us an email at

 

Further Reading on The Three Investigators with Aiga Rasch`s front cover illustration

The Three Investigators and the Mystery of the Fiery Eye: American English

The Three Investigators - German Version (Die drei ???, und der Fluch des Rubins (drei Fragezeichen)

 

References

Please note: For better reading purpose double quotation marks (" ") are not always used for in-text citation within this artcile

1 Karen P.L. Hardison, What is the difference between art and science?, http://www.enotes.com/homework-help/deference-between-art-science-172919 , accessed 07/09/2015
2 besure77 (B.A. Science, M.A. Teaching), ebd., accessed 07/09/2015
3 dano7744 (Colleage Teacher), ebd., accessed 07/09/2015
4 gahnett (Student), ebd., accessed 07/09/2015
5 Mae Jemison, NASA, Difference between Science and Arts, http://philosophy.stackexchange.com/questions/8456/difference-between-science-and-arts , accessed 07/09/2015
6 Phil Buehler, http://www.ted.com/conversations/163/what_is_the_difference_between.html , accessed 07/09/2015
7 Hamid Ghanadan, Are Scientists Purely Rational? Dismissing a Science Marketing Myth, The Linus Group, 2010
8 Konikov, B. (2003), Analogy in decision-making, social interaction, and emergent rationality.Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 26: 167-168 Cambridge University Press
9 Motivation and Inspiration for Aspiring and Professional Artists, http://emptyeasel.com/art-business-advice/motivation/ , accessed 07/09/2015
10 Eiduson, Bernice T. (1963) Scientists and Their Psychological World. Engineering and Science, 26 (5). pp. 22-30. ISSN 0013-7812
11 io9, news, http://io9.com/5873243/astronomers-have-discovered-the-first-four-exoplanets-of-2012, accessed 07/09/2015
12 Bell Labs, Committee on the possibility of scientific misconduct in the work of H.S. and coauthors, 2002
13 Art Forgery, Wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Art_forgery, accessed 07/09/2015
14 John S. Wilkins, How scientists think, a book proposal, http://evolvingthoughts.net/2010/09/how-scientists-think-a-book-proposal/, 2010
15 Paul Grobstein cited Brian Greene, Blog, Put a Little Science in Your Life, Extended, http://serendip.brynmawr.edu/exchange/node/2585, 2008

 

 

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